Literature is vast. Digging deep into literature is like exploring the world, you will discover a lot of things beyond what you could ever imagine. Literature is a set of expressions formed into writings that are made out of ideas, and emotions and it is out of the abundance of the heart of a man. The heart of a man is so full that sometimes simple words cannot describe what he wanted to express, thus using elements can be implied. There are elements of literature that are helpful for anyone who wanted to express words in a “juicy” or “mysterious” way. Technically, understanding these elements can improve your knowledge about literature and can be used in your future artistic expression of words.

  • Cliché

“Cliché” is a term that originated in French. Originally, it means the tone of the use of a metal printing plate. In modern culture, it refers to something that is happening over and over again or is already expected to happen. Some people say, “You are so cliché!” as an expression of being irritated about events or actions have done repeatedly. However, “Cliché” in literature is an idea or expression that was once fresh and creative (to hear or read), yet overused.

Common Examples:
1. “Cold as ice”

2. “Read between the lines”

3. “They lived happily ever after”

4. “You are driving me crazy!”

5. “I am falling deeply in love”

I bet you already heard these lines before until now. Yes, even the “Happy Birthday!” line you say to your friends.

  • Paradoxes

A paradox is a statement that contradicts itself. In a paradox statement, one part is true and the other part is not. It is somewhat an ironic statement. However, paradoxes are statements that can stir up a man’s mind. It takes a logical mind to fully grasp what the ‘paradox’ statement is implying or what it really means. These statements are commonly used in movies.

Examples from Movies:
1. “Me, I’m dishonest. And a dishonest man, you can always trust to be dishonest.”

– Pirates of the Caribbean 1: The Curse of the Black Pearl

2. “You seem like such a nice beast.”

– Labyrinth

Common Examples:

  1. Save money by spending it.
  2. Do not read the announcements.
  3. This is the beginning of the end.

Does it make sense? Well, you just need to think logically.

  • Equivocations

This is commonly used to hide the truth or the real meaning of a statement by using shallow language. Some say that this is also used to deceive someone/group of people. It is an argument that has two sides – one side has a different meaning, while the other side has a different meaning as well. Equivocations are not common in an everyday conversation, but the following are the examples from Texas State University (n.d.):

  1. Sure philosophy helps you argue better, but do we really need to encourage people to argue? There’s enough hostility in this world.
  2. “You couldn’t have it if you didn’t want it,” the Queen said. “The rule is jam tomorrow and jam yesterday, but never jam today.” “It must come to jam today,” Alice objected. “No, it can’t,” said the Queen. “It’s a jam every other day: today isn’t any other day, you know.”

–  Alice Through the Looking Glass (movie)

            The elements mentioned above are just a tiny portion of literature. So, there’s more to explore and learn!

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Gabrielle Love Acero

Gabrielle Love Acero loves to write in any form since she was still a little girl. Her writing skills were enhanced through reading books, articles, and informative materials such as Reader’s Digest. They are also her hobbies. She began her blog site at the age of 11. She wrote her experiences in life. With her experiences, she became a scriptwriter during her High School years. One of her movies that she directed and produced won 2nd place against 7 high school institutions (public and private) in the city where she is living. The interschool competition was hosted by Commission on Population (PopCom) – Region X. She puts effort into doing these things because it is her passion. She is one of the top of the class during her Elementary and High School years. She graduated as the Class Valedictorian in Junior High School. At the age of 9, Gabrielle Love Acero started participating and engaging in voluntary activities, especially at church. She entered the kids’ choir and joined “Sidewalk Saturday School (SSS)” as a volunteer. She taught indigenous children about God and His love for them in a certain area, including skit-playing and Bible-reading. With those experiences, she continued being a volunteer at heart until the present day. At the age of 13, she became a Worship leader in the church where she is currently attending since 2007. Her dedication, commitment, and love for God and His people made her become one of the assets of the church. She is one of the youth leaders. Gabrielle Love Acero is currently a junior student of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Medical Biology at Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, where she continues to work towards her dream of becoming a doctor in the near future. She is also involved in extracurricular organizations. She is currently the President of Xavier University Red Cross Youth (XU – RCY), where she plans, organizes, and implements humanitarian activities for the community with her team. Also, she is a 1st class Cadet Officer at Xavier University Philippine Air Force - Reserve Officer Training Corps (XU PAF ROTC), where she teaches basic military trainings based on her military training experiences. Also, she implies military leadership to her lower classes. Not despising her Biology degree, she put her efforts into her studies and get involved in Biophilic (Biology) Society activities with her colleagues. Many people are awed by her experiences and involvements, especially her time management skills, but with humility, she believes that her life is not her own, but with a purpose. Gabrielle Love Acero hopes to learn more about life and the field she is currently in. She is goal-oriented and exemplifies excellence in everything she does, not because of herself, but because of the greater One living inside her.