In writing, the basic rule in forming a sentence is to provide a subject (the main noun performing the action) and a predicate (action done by the subject, usually a verb). Just a quick review, the aforementioned type of words are important parts of the sentence. In order for it to make sense and be functional, the parts used should have an agreement.

Let’s say if the noun is singular the corresponding verb should also be in singular form but there is an exception in plural subjects which should have a different verb to form the thought in the sentence. This is called, “the subject-verb agreement”, a concept in English grammar that the parts (subject and the predicate) must agree in numbers.

Singular Subject (Example: He talks to the principal.)

Plural Subject (Example: They talk to the principal.)

(The subject, which is the pronoun “he” is in singular form, thus, the verb “talks” must be used which is also singular. It might be confusing sometimes but the verb added with “s” is singular while verbs ending without “s” is in plural form.)

Moving on, with the proper use of adjectives to build an appropriate agreement between its nouns. Let’s review the use of adjectives placed before the noun or pronoun, also called, “demonstrative adjectives”.

Singular Subject (Example: This book is too expensive.)

Plural Subject (Example: These books are too expensive.)

(Notice the use of this for nouns in singular form and these for plural forms. The same thought applies in using “that” (adjective for a noun further away) and “those” (adjective for a noun farther away).

Always remember the parts of the sentences, adjective (modifies a noun), adverb (modifies a verb), and a noun (subject of a verb) must always have an agreement to deliver a clear and correct sentence. These building blocks used to form it may have been confusing at times but with constant practice in reading and writing, English grammar is less hard than you thought.

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Kristine Gallego

Kristine is currently a Senior Designer in a Japanese architectural firm. She took up her studies in BS Architecture at the Technological Institute of the Philippines-Manila. During her college days, she was a consistent student leader and successfully topped her thesis exhibit as 6th placer. Along with her passion for design and arts, she's also an enthusiastic reader and an avid fan of historical documentaries. Studying history and human behavior is where her curiosity often brings her. The composition style of her literary pieces are inspired by dream-like scenarios, an alternate world to escape out of reality. Because her goal as a writer is to spread a positive vibe for the readers and to learn from them in return.