Phonics Approach to Teaching Reading | TEC

The best way to teach how to read is by teaching sounding out words that we call phonics. Phonics is the way of teaching beginners to read by correlating sounds with letters. Learning how to read, you must always learn first the sound of letters from A to Z.

The basic Phonics approach to teaching reading is by teaching the consonants and vowels and their sounds.

Vowels: A, E, I, O, U

Consonant: B, C, D, F, G, HJ, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, and Z

Once the student already knew the sounds of letters, let them combine them. These are the sounds that groups of letters make when spoken.

There are universal Types of phonics instructional methods and approaches that teachers use to teach beginners how to read by correlating letters.

  • Analogy phonics

This type is comparing two words that have the same sound. This is teaching the student to read unfamiliar words that rhyme with the words that the student already knew. It should correspond to the sound between words or the endings of words.

Recognizing that the rhyme segment of the new word is identical to that of a familiar word, and then blending the known rhyme with the new word.

For example:

Familiar Word: Drink

Rhyme Segment: -ink

Unfamiliar Word: Think

  • Analytic phonics

This type is teaching students to compare and analyze sound patterns WITHIN the words. Analyze letter-sound relations in previously learned words to avoid pronouncing sounds in isolation.

For example:

Recognizing differences between two words by analyzing the letters within the words.

How is the word “might” as the word “light”?

  • Embedded phonics

This is the type of phonics that is built with shared reading and guided reading. Teaching student phonics skills by embedding phonics instruction in text reading, is a more implicit approach that relies to some extent on incidental learning. Teachers should use worksheets and uses picture clues, stories, or songs.

  • Phonics through spelling

This type of phonics is simply using spelling and emphasizing a particular letter. This is to segment words into phonemes and select letters for those phonemes

For example:

/b/ banana, bubbles

/c/ car, duck

/d/ dinosaur, puddle

  • Synthetic phonics

This type is simply converting letters into sounds and then blending the sounds to form recognizable words.

Step 1:

Show the word

/b/ bat

Step 2:

Identify the sounds:

/b/ /a/ /t/

Step 3:

Blend the sounds together.

Step 4:

Say the word and Identify the meaning of the word.

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Reniel Botnande

Writing is a medium used to express ourselves as individuals. Writing is a skill developed to inspire, to educate and inform people. My experiences have molded me to become an effective communicator through hosting, teaching and writing. I have been trained as a News Writer and Photo journalist of The-Search Student Publication, Feature Writer of The-Lead Publication of University of Saint La Salle Bacolod. I am a freelance speech and declamation writer and freelance event host. I worked as Media Laboratory Coordinator at USLS-Bacolod for 1 year. I also worked as International School Teacher at Centurion International School for 6 months in Bangkok, Thailand I have a degree in Bachelor of Arts Major in Communication at the University of Saint La Salle Bacolod year 2018.