A participle is another type of verbal that acts as an adjective in a sentence. It ends with “-ing” (if present tense) and “-ed” (if past tense). It clearly modifies nouns or pronouns. There are two types of participles, namely, present participles and past participles. Present participles end in –ing, while past participles ending in -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or –ne, like baked, eaten, dealt, and other action words.

Present participles are verbs that end with “-ing”. Let’s not be confused between Gerunds and Present Participles. Again, gerund acts as a noun (subject) while present participle acts as an adjective (descriptive). Present participles modify a noun. A few of the examples are the following:

            Smiling, the man shook the hand of the love of his life.

            Studying as a pre-medicine student, Gab drank her hot coffee and sighed.

            Standing, the girl smiled at a boy on the street. 

Past participles are past tense verbs that act as an adjective. The examples are the following:

            The burned food was eaten by the kid.

            The vaccinated baby cries in the hospital emergency room.

            Chopped into smaller pieces, the meat was put into the frying pan.

Remember, adjectives describe or modify.

  • burned food (burn = verb, food = noun)
  • vaccinated baby (vaccinated = verb, baby = noun)

Phrases are groups of words without nouns, verbs, or adjectives. It is not a complete sentence. Participial phrases are used to create a complete sentence with participles. These are the examples of participial phrases used in the examples above that we can dissect:

  • Studying as a pre-medicine student, Gab drank her hot coffee and sighed. (present)

Participle: Studying

Noun: Gab

Participial Phrase: Studying as a pre-medicine student

The rest of the sentence: “…drank her hot coffee and sighed.”

  • Chopped into smaller pieces, the meat was put into the frying pan. (past)

Participle: Chopped

Noun: Meat

Participial Phrase: Chopped into smaller pieces

The rest of the sentence: “…was put into the frying pan.”

Participles and participial phrases are not difficult to create if you will identify first the verb and noun that you will be going to use in your sentence. Clearly, it consists of modifiers, objects, and other complements.

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Gabrielle Love Acero

Gabrielle Love Acero loves to write in any form since she was still a little girl. Her writing skills were enhanced through reading books, articles, and informative materials such as Reader’s Digest. They are also her hobbies. She began her blog site at the age of 11. She wrote her experiences in life. With her experiences, she became a scriptwriter during her High School years. One of her movies that she directed and produced won 2nd place against 7 high school institutions (public and private) in the city where she is living. The interschool competition was hosted by Commission on Population (PopCom) – Region X. She puts effort into doing these things because it is her passion. She is one of the top of the class during her Elementary and High School years. She graduated as the Class Valedictorian in Junior High School. At the age of 9, Gabrielle Love Acero started participating and engaging in voluntary activities, especially at church. She entered the kids’ choir and joined “Sidewalk Saturday School (SSS)” as a volunteer. She taught indigenous children about God and His love for them in a certain area, including skit-playing and Bible-reading. With those experiences, she continued being a volunteer at heart until the present day. At the age of 13, she became a Worship leader in the church where she is currently attending since 2007. Her dedication, commitment, and love for God and His people made her become one of the assets of the church. She is one of the youth leaders. Gabrielle Love Acero is currently a junior student of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Medical Biology at Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, where she continues to work towards her dream of becoming a doctor in the near future. She is also involved in extracurricular organizations. She is currently the President of Xavier University Red Cross Youth (XU – RCY), where she plans, organizes, and implements humanitarian activities for the community with her team. Also, she is a 1st class Cadet Officer at Xavier University Philippine Air Force - Reserve Officer Training Corps (XU PAF ROTC), where she teaches basic military trainings based on her military training experiences. Also, she implies military leadership to her lower classes. Not despising her Biology degree, she put her efforts into her studies and get involved in Biophilic (Biology) Society activities with her colleagues. Many people are awed by her experiences and involvements, especially her time management skills, but with humility, she believes that her life is not her own, but with a purpose. Gabrielle Love Acero hopes to learn more about life and the field she is currently in. She is goal-oriented and exemplifies excellence in everything she does, not because of herself, but because of the greater One living inside her.