Language Acquisition vs. Language Learning The Lexical Approach

Language Acquisition is quite different from Language Learning although they might appear to sound the same. Both have their differences from each other and both have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Language Acquisition is the knowledge of a language that is acquired from observation. When we were a child, we learned our first few words from our observations, from what we heard from our surroundings, and from those, we adapted what we heard and observed. Language acquisition is acquiring knowledge without needing a proper process or systematic way to learn it. It comes off as natural and you just adapt it.

On the other hand, Language Learning in Lexical Approach pertains to learning in a methodical and systematic way. The lexical approach somehow refers to how words are connected with each other and students will recognize the patterns from the words which can enable them to learn in this way.

So which one is better?

Actually, both have their own pros and cons. Language Acquisition mostly focuses on exposure and experience to be able to learn it. When our parents wanted us to learn a thing, they demonstrated it for us to acquire the word they wanted us to learn. It’s more of an interactive way of learning.

While Language Learning is mostly focused on teaching the texts of communication. It revolves mostly around memorization, patterns, methodologies, and lesson applications.

While both can be effective ways to learn, learning through acquisition may result in acquiring knowledge but the in-depth the knowledge isn’t much defined as compared to language learning in the lexical approach which focuses on broadening the knowledge with certain aspects of repetitions and patterns but the learner may forget the learnings easily because of the lack of interaction and application.

So in the argument Language Acquisition vs Language Learning? Both are good methods to be used in learning but they should be balanced. What is knowledge without an idea of how it can be used in reality? And what is knowledge based on experience without learning the texts formally and systematically?

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Elaine Abesamis

Elaine Marie I. Abesamis is currently a Senior High school student at Far Eastern University. During her elementary years until now, she is a consistent honor student. Apart from that, she has also a passion dedicated to writing. She joined the school publication in her Junior High school and served as a contributor there for the Feature, Science and Health, and Editorial Page. She is also a former member of the current senior high school’s Official Publication. She also has experience from joining various competitions and winning some of those. Moreover, she has also attended several trainings, workshops, and seminars for writing workshops. Apart from writing, she is also fond of reading which makes her vocabulary extend that can help her in writing. She expresses herself well through writing especially in essays and poems. She had also the experience of being a proofreader from an author and she also joined some organizations as a content writer for those.